- Embassy Fact Sheets
- History of the U.S. and South Sudan
Since achieving its independence from British and Egyptian rule in 1956, Sudan experienced recurring civil wars primarily between North and South. The 2005 signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) officially ended the North-South conflict and set the date for a referendum on South Sudan’s self-determination in January 2011. Voters overwhelmingly chose independence and the Republic of South Sudan declared independence on July 9, 2011. The United States recognized the Republic of South Sudan that same day.